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Impact of alcohol withdrawal on the hippocampal-prefrontal network activity during a working memory test comparison with unpredictable chronic mild stress

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Thèse de doctorat : Neurosciences : Tours : 2014

Our study was aimed to determine the involvement of central corticosterone on the activity of hippocampalprefrontal cortex (HPC-PFC) network and its role in the emergence of working memory (WM) alterations during chronic alcohol consumption (12% for 6 months), or after a short (1 week) or a prolonged (6 weeks) withdrawal periods. The alcohol-withdrawal effects were compared to those resulting from an unpredictable mild chronic stress (UCMS), modeling depression. Our data showed that withdrawal and UCMS, but not alcohol, induced WM disorders and deficits of CREB activation in both the PFC and HPC, and an excessive corticosterone increase specifically in the PFC of withdrawn animals. Pharmacological experiments showed that the inhibition of corticosterone synthesis restored pCREB activity in the PFC of both withdrawn and UCMS mice and improved WM. Furthermore, in withdrawn mice, the increase of pCREB or the blockade of the mineralo-corticoid receptor in the PFC, but not in the HPC, restored WM performance. These results demonstrated that corticosterone dysfunction into the PFC plays a key role in the long-lasting cognitive and neural activity disorders of alcohol-withdrawn mice. We also showed that chronic administration of diazepam reduced such alterations only transitorily. Thus, overall, our study suggests that compounds acting on the GCs activity may constitute alternative strategies to prevent the emergence and maintenance of cognitive disorders induced by alcohol withdrawal.

  • Dates
    Published on December 17, 2014, Created on December 17, 2014