Actualité

[PUBLICATION] Sickle Cell Disease: Metabolomic Profiles of Vaso-Occlusive Crisis in Plasma and Erythrocytes

  • Recherche,
  • Santé-Sciences-Technologie,
  • Santé-social,
Date(s)

le 29 juillet 2020

Published in J Clin Med

Collaborative research project led by Prof. Juan Manuel Chao de la Barca (Unité Mixte de Recherche MITOVASC, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) 6015, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U1083, Université d’Angers, France) in which Dr. Charlotte Veyrat-Durebex participated

Sickle Cell Disease: Metabolomic Profiles of Vaso-Occlusive Crisis in Plasma and Erythrocytes

Abstract

The metabolomic profile of vaso-occlusive crisis, compared to the basal state of sickle cell disease, has never been reported to our knowledge. Using a standardized targeted metabolomic approach, performed on plasma and erythrocyte fractions, we compared these two states of the disease in the same group of 40 patients. Among the 188 metabolites analyzed, 153 were accurately measured in plasma and 143 in red blood cells. Supervised paired partial least squares discriminant analysis (pPLS-DA) showed good predictive performance for test sets with median area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curves of 99% and mean p-values of 0.0005 and 0.0002 in plasma and erythrocytes, respectively. A total of 63 metabolites allowed discrimination between the two groups in the plasma, whereas 61 allowed discrimination in the erythrocytes. Overall, this signature points to altered arginine and nitric oxide metabolism, pain pathophysiology, hypoxia and energetic crisis, and membrane remodeling of red blood cells. It also revealed the alteration of metabolite concentrations that had not been previously associated with sickle cell disease. Our results demonstrate that the vaso-occlusive crisis has a specific metabolomic signature, distinct from that observed at steady state, which may be potentially helpful for finding predictive biomarkers for this acute life-threatening episode.

Keywords

#lipidomics #metabolomics #sickle cell disease #vasoocclusivecrisis.

Contact :
Dr. Charlotte Veyrat-Durebex :