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[PUBLICATION] Childhood Maltreatment and Clinical Severity of Treatment-Resistant Depression in a French Cohort of Outpatients (FACE-DR): One-year Follow-Up

  • Recherche,
  • Santé-Sciences-Technologie,
  • Santé-social,
Date(s)

le 31 juillet 2020

Published in Depress Anxiety

Collaborative research project led by Prof. Wissam El-Hage

Childhood Maltreatment and Clinical Severity of Treatment-Resistant Depression in a French Cohort of Outpatients (FACE-DR): One-year Follow-Up

Abstract

Background: Childhood maltreatment is associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). It not only increases the risk of lifetime MDD, but it also aggravates its course. Among depressed patients, 20-30% of them experience treatment-resistance depression (TRD). We aimed to assess the association between childhood maltreatment, severity of depression in a unipolar TRD sample, and patient outcomes after one-year of follow-up.

Methods: Patients were recruited for a prospective cohort from the French network of TRD expert centers. Depressive symptom severity was assessed with the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology self-report (QIDS-SR). Childhood maltreatment was evaluated with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ).

Results: In total, 256 patients filled in the CTQ at baseline between 2012 and 2019. At baseline, the MADRS score was associated with CTQ score (β = .185; p = .004). QIDS was also associated with CTQ scores (β = .27; p < .001). Regarding the different subtypes of childhood maltreatment, MADRS was associated with physical (β = .21; p = .005) and sexual abuse (β = .22; p = .002), while QIDS with physical abuse (β = .304; p < .001) and physical neglect (β = .254; p < .001). However, we did not find any significant association focusing on the other types of traumas. During a 1-year follow-up focusing on remission, CTQ scores (baseline) were less important in remittent patients [n = 38; CTQ score = 39.26 (9.68)] than in nonremittent ones [n = 92; CTQ score = 46.02 (17.53)] (p = .027). There was no significant difference among remitters and nonremitters based on trauma subtypes. At baseline, CTQ scores had a significant influence on remission at 1 year (χ2 (1) = 5.57; p < .05). We lost this influence adding MADRS scores at baseline in the model (p = .063).

Conclusion: We highlighted a significant association between the severity of depressive disorders and childhood maltreatment in the TRD population. Information about a history of childhood maltreatment helps in identifying individuals who could be less likely to go into remission after treatment.

Keywords

#antidepressantresponse #childhoodabuse #childhoodneglect #childhoodtrauma #depressivedisorders #treatmentresistantdepression

© 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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