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[PUBLICATION] An Automated Alert System Based on the p-Tau/Tau Ratio to Quickly Inform Health Professionals Upon a Suspected Case of Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

  • Recherche,
  • Santé-Sciences-Technologie,
  • Santé-social,

Collaborative research project by Dr. Diane Dufour-Rainfray

An Automated Alert System Based on the p-Tau/Tau Ratio to Quickly Inform Health Professionals Upon a Suspected Case of Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Abstract

Introduction: Knowing the risk of potential sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) instrument-contamination is essential in hospitals. We examined the relevance of the p-Tau/Tau ratio to exclude a probable case of sCJD in clinical practice, and we established an alert system to quickly inform health professionals in case of positivity.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on 143 cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients suspected for sCJD. The distinction between probable cases of sCJD and other patients was based on clinical, paraclinical and biological (14-3-3, Tau, p-Tau, Aβ 1-42) data. From this experience, the health professionals developed an alert system to be implemented upon a suspected case of sCJD.

Results: A significant decrease in p-Tau/Tau ratio between sCJD and the other diseases was observed (p < 0 .001). The combined Tau test presented a sensitivity higher than 14-3-3 (100% versus 92.3%, p =0 .006) and an equivalent specificity (90% versus 96.1%). The time required for obtaining results was higher for 14-3-3 due to the centralization of investigations in some laboratories (3 weeks versus 2 h). In the presence of these elements, the triggering of the alert system was based on the p-Tau/Tau ratio. This system involves sending an automatic mail to the hospital department involved in the patient's care and the hospital hygiene team, which oversees the application of the procedures.

Conclusion: The p-Tau/Tau concentrations present the desired criteria for use in current medical practice to fight against iatrogenic transmission. The alert system confirms a probable case of sCJD instantly to health professionals. Hygiene and sterilization measures can be applied immediately.

Keywords

Alert system #CreutzfeldtJakobdisease #Hygienemeasures #Iatrogenictransmission
 

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