Actualité

Nouveau modèle in-vivo de la maladie de Parkinson

  • Santé-Sciences-Technologie,
  • Recherche,
Date(s)

le 14 novembre 2018

Publié dans Synapse

Projet de recherche dirigé par le Dr. Sylvie Chalon.

Extensive exploration of a novel rat model of Parkinson's disease using partial 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of dopaminergic neurons suggests new therapeutic approaches

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons constituting the nigrostriatal pathway. Neuroinflammation, related to microglial activation, plays an important role in this process. Exploration of animal models of PD using neuroimaging modalities allows to better understand the pathophysiology of the disease. Here, we fully explored a moderate lesion model in the rat in which 6-hydroxydopamine was unilaterally delivered in 3 sites along the striatum. The degenerative process was assessed through in vivo Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging and in vitro autoradiographic quantitation of the striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) and immunostaining of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). The microglial activation was studied through in vitro autoradiographic quantitation of the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) in the striatum and CD11b staining in the SN. In addition, a targeted metabolomics exploration was performed in both these structures using mass spectrometry coupled to HPLC. Our results showed a reproducible decrease in the striatal DAT density associated with a reduction in the number of TH-positive cells in the SN and striatum, reflecting a robust moderate degeneration of nigrostriatal DA neurons. In addition, we observed strong microglia activation in both the striatum and SN ipsilateral to the lesion, highlighting that this moderate degeneration of DA neurons was associated with a marked neuroinflammation. Our metabolomics studies revealed alterations of specific metabolites and metabolic pathways such as carnitine, arginine/proline and histidine metabolisms. These results bring new insights in the PD mechanism knowledge and new potential targets for future therapeutic strategies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Keywords

TSPO ; Neuroinflammation; PET imaging; dopamine transporter; metabolomics.

Contact :
Dr. Sylvie Chalon :