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KPTN gene homozygous variant‐related syndrome in the northeast of Brazil

  • Recherche,
  • Santé-Sciences-Technologie,
Date(s)

le 6 mars 2020

Published in Am J Med Genet A

Projet de recherche collaborative dirigé par le Prof. R. Lucena (Departamento de Neurociências e Saúde Mental, Faculdade de Medicina da Bahia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil) dans lequel le Prof. I. Maldonado a participé

KPTN gene homozygous variant-related syndrome in the northeast of Brazil: A case report

Abstract

Alteration of the KPTN gene, responsible for the coding of kaptin (a protein involved in actin cytoskeletal dynamics), causes a syndrome characterized by macrocephaly, neurodevelopmental delay and epileptic seizures. We report the first Brazilian case of KPTN gene variation, previously described in nine subjects from four interlinked families from an Amish community in Ohio, two Estonian siblings and a 9-year-old boy from Kansas City. We report a case of KPTN-related syndrome in a 5-year-old child which presented macrocephaly, muscular hypotonia, and global development delay. The neurological examination revealed below-expected performance in coordination and balance tests, dyspraxia, and hand-mouth synkinesia. Expressive language was characterized by phono-articulatory imprecision, abundance of phonological processes and morphosyntactic immaturity. Neuropsychological assessment revealed intellectual disability with impairment of verbal and executive functions. Exome sequencing was performed. Analysis revealed a homozygous 2-nucleotide duplication c.597_598dup p.(Ser200Ilefs*55) in the KPTN gene, which is predicted to lead to a translational frameshift and formation of a premature stop codon. The phenotypic profile is similar to the cases described in the other families. Presence of macrocephaly and delayed development indicate the possibility of KPTN gene variation. Genetic testing should be carried out at an early stage in order to reach a timely diagnosis.

© 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywords

#KPTN; homozygous variant; #intellectual disability; #macrocephaly
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Prof. Igor Maldonado :