Actualité

Imagerie IRM - Algorithme SPARKLING

  • Santé-Sciences-Technologie,
  • Santé-social,
Date(s)

le 25 avril 2019

Publié dans Magn Reson Med

Projet de recherche collaborative dirigé par le Prof. P. Ciuciu (NeuroSpin, CEA Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France) auquel les Profs. Destrieux et Zemmoura ont participé

SPARKLING: variable‐density k‐space filling curves for accelerated T2*‐weighted MRI

Abstract

Purpose - To present a new optimition-driven design of optimal k-space trajectories in the context of compressed sensing: Spreading Projection Algorithm for Rapid K-space sampLING (SPARKLING).

Theory -  The SPARKLING algorithm is a versatile method inspired from stippling techniques that automatically generates optimized sampling patterns compatible with MR hardware constraints on maximum gradient amplitude and slew rate. These non-Cartesian sampling curves are designed to comply with key criteria for optimal sampling: a controlled distribution of samples (e.g., variable density) and a locally uniform k-space coverage.

Methods - Ex vivo and in vivo prospective T∗2 -weighted acquisitions were performed on a 7-Tesla scanner using the SPARKLING trajectories for various setups and target densities. Our method was compared to radial and variable-density spiral trajectories for high-resolution imaging.

Results - Combining sampling efficiency with compressed sensing, the proposed sampling patterns allowed up to 20-fold reductions in MR scan time (compared to fully sampled Cartesian acquisitions) for two-dimensional T∗2 -weighted imaging without deterioration of image quality, as demonstrated by our experimental results at 7 Tesla on in vivo human brains for a high in-plane resolution of 390 μm. In comparison to existing non-Cartesian sampling strategies, the proposed technique also yielded superior image quality.

Conclusions - The proposed optimization-driven design of k-space trajectories is a versatile framework that is able to enhance MR sampling performance in the context of compressed sensing.

© 2019 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

Keywords

#compressed #sensing; #k-space #trajectories; #optimization; #variable #density

Contact :
Prof. Christophe Destrieux :