Single cell response to ADV


from April 22, 2018 to April 29, 2018

Published in Ultrasound Sonochem

Collaborative research project led by Prof. Feng (Xi’an Jiaotong University) to which Dr. Ayache Bouakaz participated

In situ observation of single cell response to acoustic droplet vaporization: Membrane deformation, permeabilization, and blebbing

In this study, the bioeffects of acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV) on adjacent cells were investigated by evaluating the real-time cell response at the single-cell level in situ, using a combined ultrasound-exposure and optical imaging system. Two imaging modalities, high-speed and fluorescence imaging, were used to observe ADV bubble dynamics and to evaluate the impact on cell membrane permeabilization (i.e., sonoporation) using propidium iodide (PI) uptake as an indicator. The results indicated that ADV mainly led to irreversible rather than reversible sonoporation. Further, the rate of irreversible sonoporation significantly increased with increasing nanodroplet concentration, ultrasound amplitude, and pulse duration. The results suggested that sonoporation is correlated to the rapid formation, expansion, and contraction of ADV bubbles near cells, and strongly depends on ADV bubble size and bubble-to-cell distance when subjected to short ultrasound pulses (1 μs). Moreover, the displacement of ADV bubbles was larger when using a long ultrasound pulse (20 μs), resulting in considerable cell membrane deformation and a more irreversible sonoporation rate. During sonoporation, cell membrane blebbing as a recovery manoeuvre was also investigated, indicating the essential role of Ca2+ influx in the membrane blebbing response. This study has helped us gain further insights into the dynamic behavior of ADV bubbles near cells, ADV bubble-cell interactions, and real-time cell response, which are invaluable in the development of optimal approaches for ADV-associated theranostic applications.


Acoustic droplet vaporization; Cellular bioeffects; Fluorescent imaging; High-speed microscopy; Single cell response
Contact :
Dr. Ayache Bouakaz :