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Adherence to treatment guidelines in clinical practice for using electroconvulsive therapy in major depressive episode

  • Recherche,
  • Santé-Sciences-Technologie,
  • Santé-social,
Date(s)

le 19 mars 2020

Published in J Affect Disord

Projet de recherche collaborative dirigé par le Prof. P.M. Llorca (Department of Psychiatry, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, University of Clermont Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand EA 7280, France) dans lequel le Prof. Wissam El-Hage a participé

Adherence to treatment guidelines in clinical practice for using electroconvulsive therapy in major depressive episode

Abstract

Background - ECT is the most effective treatment of major depressive episode (MDE) but remains a neglected treatment. The French Society for Biological Psychiatry and Neuropsychopharmacology aimed to determine whether prescribing practice of ECT followed guidelines recommendations.
Methods - This multicenter, retrospective study included adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) or bipolar disorder (BD), who have been treated with ECT for MDE. Duration of MDE and number of lines of treatment received before ECT were collected. The reasons for using ECT, specifically first-line indications (suicidality, urgency, presence of catatonic and psychotic features, previous ECT response, patient preference) were recorded. Statistical comparisons between groups used standard statistical tests.

Results - Seven hundred and forty-five individuals were included. The mean duration of MDE before ECT was 10.1 months and the mean number of lines of treatment before ECT was 3.4. It was significantly longer for MDD single episode than recurrent MDD and BD. The presence of first-line indications for using ECT was significantly associated to shorter duration of MDE (9.1 vs 13.1 months, p<0.001) and lower number of lines of treatment before ECT (3.3 vs 4.1, p<0.001).

Limitations - This is a retrospective study and not all facilities practicing ECT participated that could limit the extrapolation of the results.

Conclusions - Compared to guidelines, ECT was not used as first-line strategy in clinical practice. The presence of first-line indications seemed to reduce the delay before ECT initiation. The improvements of knowledge and access of ECT are needed to decrease the gap between guidelines and clinical practice.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

#Bipolar disorder; #Clinical guidelines; #Electroconvulsive therapy; Major #depressive disorder; Major depressive episode

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